Revealing Complexity of Groundwater Flow with Hydrogeophysics
There is growing recognition of the value of combining data from multiple geophysical modalities for improved and unambiguous conceptualization of subsurface flow processes. Grobbe et al.  focus on the use of passive seismic and self-potential measurements near the Kaiwi Coast, O’ahu, Hawai`i.
Analysis of ambient seismic noise from an array of surface geophones, permits the development of a 3D shear wave velocity model, and subsequently a conceptualization of lithology. The addition of self-potential measurements then permits an interpretation of flow pathways within the complex geological setting.
The authors reveal evidence that subsurface flow focuses along paleo-channels on the…